On this day:
1980 The oldest known goldfish in Great Britain, Frederica, died at the age of 40.
1973 Died: Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, a prominent person of the French Resistance during World War II. Produced in 2008 documentary Code Name Melville reveals the importance of Jean-Pierre Melville's personal experience in the French Resistance.
1963 Eric Clapton leaves the ‘Roosters’ to form the band ‘Casey Jones and the Engineers.’
1939 Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd wrote a letter to President of the USA Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.
1934 Died: Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, the 2nd President of Germany. After his death presidency in Germany was abolished and Adolf Hitler became Führer of the state.
1932 Born: Peter O'Toole, British-Irish actor of stage and film. He rose to fame playing T. E. Lawrence in Lawrence of Arabia (the role brought him an Academy Award nomination). He is also known for roles in films Goodbye, Mr. Chips, The Lion in Winter, Becket, The Stunt Man, My Favorite Year.
1923 Died: Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th President of the United States, who served in office from March, 1921 till his death. His presidency featured many scandals, earning him bottom-tier ranking from historians.
1922 Died: Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian engineer, inventor and innovator. His best known invention is telephone, that he patented in 1876.
1921 Died: Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor. He sang to great acclaim in major opera houses of Europe and the USA. From 1902 to 1920 he made 290 commercially released recordings, that are still available today as digital downloads.
1905 Born: Myrna Loy, American actress and singer. She rose to fame after playing the role of Nora Charles in The Thin Man (1934). Although she's never been nominated for a competitive Academy Award, she received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of her extraordinary qualities in screen and off.
1887 Rowell Hodge patented barbed wire. The beginning of the end of open range in the Old West.
1870 The world's first underground tube railway, Tower Subway, opened in London. The tunnel was closed in 1898 and todays it's used for water mains.
1861 The first U.S. national income tax is passed to aid the Union war effort.
1834 Born: Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, best known for designing the Statue of Liberty, that is situated in New York.
1610 Henry Hudson sailed present-day Hudson Bay, thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.
National Ice Cream Sandwich Day
An ice cream sandwich is a type of frozen dessert which consists of a layer of ice cream sandwiched between two cookies or slices of cake. The idea of sandwiching ice cream between cookies is not new, but the first packaged ice cream sandwiches were produced in the United States in the 1920s. The modern version of this treat has been around since the 1940s.
Some facts about ice cream sandwiches:
The original ice cream sandwich sold for a penny in 1900 from a pushcart in the Bowery neighborhood of New York. The vendor, who was never identified in the article printed in papers across the nation, sandwiched the ice cream between milk biscuits. Soon, pushcarts popped up around the city and country during the summer months selling the portable treats.
The modern version of the ice cream sandwich was invented by Jerry Newberg in 1945 when he was selling ice cream at Forbes Field. There are pictures from the early 1900s, “On the beach, Atlantic City”, that show Ice Cream Sandwiches were popular and sold for 1 cent each.
Ice cream sandwiches are known around the world by a variety of names including the Monaco Bar, Giant Sandwich, Maxibon, Cream Between, Vanilla Slice and many more.
United States and Canadian Observances
National Night Out in the USA
National Night Out is a special event that is held in the USA every year on the first Tuesday in August. This event was started in 1984 in order to make communities safer.
The event was started by the National Association of Town Watch in 1984. The first event took place on August 7, 1984 with 2.5 million members from 400 communities in 23 states participating. Nowadays all states of the USA participate in this event on the first Tuesday in August. Only two states, Florida and Texas, are allowed to move the event to the first Tuesday in October to avoid hot weather.
National Coloring Book Day is recognized annually on August 2. Coloring and coloring books have always been popular with children, but over the years adults have gotten more and more involved with coloring. Adult coloring is now a huge trend and many are finding that it is not only fun but also a great way to reduce stress. Founded in 1941, Dover Publications led the way, releasing their first coloring book for adults, Antique Automobiles Coloring Book, in 1970. Dover now publishes Creative Haven®, a popular line of coloring books specially designed for adult colorists.
Find a coloring party near you or participate online. Spend some time coloring with your friends, children or grandchildren or by yourself. Enjoy the creativity of making a picture come to life. Download the official National Coloring Book Day 2016 color page.
Our Lady of the Angels Day is a public holiday in Costa Rica celebrated on August 2. It is the feast day of Virgen de los Angeles (the Virgin of the Angels or Our Lady of the Angels), the patron saint of Costa Rica.
Carnival Tuesday is one of the public holiday in Antigua and Barbuda. This is the second day of the traditional Carnival and, as well as August Monday, it's one of the most important holidays on the islands.
Celebration of the Carnival is dedicated to anniversary of abolition of slavery in 1833, that is known as Emancipation Day. All former British colonies celebrate this day, but in some places this holiday was moved to mark the beginning of an annual carnival. In 1957 the Carnival replaced the Old Time Christmas Festival in Antigua and Barbuda in order to inspire tourism on the islands. However, the Carnival possesses numerous elements of the Christmas Festival.
August 2 is a major public and religious holiday in the Republic of Macedonia. It is known as Republic Day or Ilinden (the feast of Saint Elija). The holiday commemorates two important events in the country's history.
Two major events in the history of modern Republic of Macedonia took place on this date. In 1903, the Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization organized the Ilinden Uprising against the Ottoman Empire. In 1944, the first plenary session of the Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia was held. It proclaimed a Macedonian nation-state.
Russia and Former Soviet Republics
On August 2, some former Soviet Republics celebrate Day of Airborne Forces. Such a date was chosen to commemorate the first parachute jump of the Soviet Airborne Troops that took place on August 2, 1930 in the Moscow Military District.
Day of Azerbaijani Cinema is celebrated in August 2. This holiday was established by President Heydar Aliyev in 2000. The date of August 2 was chosen to commemorate the first public film screening in Azerbaijan that took place in 1898.
Azerbaijan was one of the first countries involved in cinematography. The first ever motion picture footage was demonstrated in 1895 in Paris by the Lumière brothers. Three years later, Russian entrepreneur of French origin Alexandre Michon began to film documentaries in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.
On August 2, 1898, Michon exhibited his documentaries in Baku. They included “The Oil Gush in Balakhan” and “The Folk Dance of Caucasus”. This day is considered to be the birthday of Azerbaijani cinema.